Planning a vegetable garden doesn't have to be a difficult task. With the right preparations, frugal gardening can be a fun and fulfilling experience for the whole family. In order to have a productive vegetable garden, however, you first need to do some planning.
How your garden will look and what you will grow in it will mainly depend on the climate that you live in, how much food you plan to grow and the size of the growing area that you have at your disposal.
The first thing that you should take into consideration before planning a vegetable garden is the climate where you live. Obviously, if you are located in a cold climate, you cannot maintain a garden all year round. This means that you would have a much shorter window of time for growing vegetables. In general, climates can be divided into 3 categories, tropical, temperate and cold. Not all vegetables can grow in all climates and some need to be planted during specific times of the year.
If this is the first time that you are planning a vegetable garden, it is best to start on a smaller scale. This is because it is easy to plant a lot more than you actually need, thus wasting food in the end. To avoid any waste, you need to determine how much your family will eat.
Try to calculate how much of each vegetable you will need throughout the year. Also, consider the fact that some vegetables, like tomatoes and squash, will keep providing throughout the whole season, so there is no need to plant a lot of them if your needs are small.
When you are looking at grow your own vegetables to plant, you will probably notice that there is a large variety of them. Some will produce larger plants, others smaller ones that will work best if your garden isn't too big. You can find seed catalogs online or in specialty stores that will explain the key points of every variety of vegetable. You can pick 2 or 3 different varieties and plant them, to see which one will perform the best.
Once you have figured out which vegetables you want to plant and how much of them you will need, it is time to figure out how much space you will need for your garden in total. If you tend to your garden well, you will not need a large space. In fact, an area of 10ft. X 10 ft. in your back yard would suffice for most people. If you only want to plant a few vegetables, you may not need a yard at all. Certain vegetables can be grown in containers that you can place on a balcony or on your porch.
The area where you will establish your garden also needs to have enough sunlight and plenty of water. In order to grow well, the majority of vegetables require anywhere from 5 to 8 hours of direct sunlight each day.
It is also important to give them plenty of water, especially if your area is going through a dry spell. Having a source of water close by can be of a great help with this. A vegetable garden will typically need about an inch of water each week to perform adequately.
If you want to get better yields, you will need to add some fertilizer to your garden. You can either add some natural compost or buy some packaged vegetable fertilizer, however if you do the latter be sure to carefully follow the instructions.
After you have figured out what you need for your garden, go out and plant! Don't worry too much if you are not getting the yield you expected the very first time. Planning a vegetable garden, like anything else, takes a bit of practice, but can be very rewarding.